I am Ahmed Rashad.
I am a student at El-hag Hadad secondary school. Our group has decided to make a web page to help Egypt to repair the tourism and back it to Egypt again. I write about the mosques in Egypt. You can see my work in this site. I'll leave you to read it and tell me your opinion.


Mosques of Egypt

Because Egypt has seen many influences from any number of different ruling empires, including Abbasid, Fatimid, Ayyubid Mamluk and Ottoman and others, and because Cairo specifically is a city of the world, Egypt offers a fair overview of mosque styles. Furthermore, its mosques date from the earliest periods of Islam up to and of course, including modern varieties.



No. 1Sultan Hassan Mosque
hassanmosque8.jpg

The Sultan Hassan Mosque is considered stylistically the most compact and unified of all Cairo monuments. The building was constructed for Sultan Hassan bin Mohammad bin Qala'oun in 1256 AD as a mosque and religious school for all sects. Many consider the Sultan Hassan Mosque to be the most outstanding Islamic monument in Egypt. It is of true Bahri Mameluke origin, built of stone, and while it is entirely different in design, it shares a like boldness to the Ibn Tulun Mosque. Structurally from the outside, the Mosque is very impressive, holding its own with its impressive cornice and the protruding verticals of its facade, even though it stands in the shadows of the massive Citadel. As one enters the Mosque from Sharia el Qalaa, there is an impression of height, especially from the towering doors decorated in a Mameluke fashion. Even during the Mameluke error in Cairo, building space was at a premium. Thus, the outer walls are somewhat askew, in order to fit the available lot, but these designers had a wonderful way of creating the impression of uniform cubistic effect inside regardless.






No. 2Mohamed Ali Mosque
external image Mohammed-ali-basha-mosque.jpg

The Mohammad Ali Mosque in the Citadel was begun in 1830 (finished in 1857) in the Ottoman style by Mohammad Ali Pasha, ruler of Egypt. The mosque is the Tomb of Mohammad Ali and is also known as the Alabaster Mosque because of the extensive use of this fine material from Beni Suef. Its two slender 270 foot minarets are unusual for Cairo. From the arcaded courtyard, visitors have a magnificent view across the city to the pyramids in Giza. Just off the courtyard is the vast prayer hall with an Ottoman style dome which is 170 feet above. The parapet to the southwest offers a good view of the Sultan Hassan and Ibn Tulun Mosques and of Cairo itself. Perhaps because of its location, it is one of the most frequented Mosques by tourists.







No. 3The Mosque of El-Hakim
external image Al-Hakim_Mosque-image-5.jpg

The mosque of Al Hakim is the second largest Fatimid Mosque in Egypt and its design is similar to that of the mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tolon. The mosque was mainly built out of brick other than the two unique minarets that were built out of stone. The mosque consists of an open courtyard "Sahn" with four halls "Riwaq" surrounding it from the four directions and the largest and most beautiful among them is the Qibla Riwaq which identifies the direction to Mecca where Moslems should be facing while praying.

This mosque is famous for three main architectural characteristics. The first is the memorial entrance with its huge size and fabulous decorations. This entrance is the first of its kind to be built in Egypt and there is not any other mosque entrances that can be compared to it except the one of Al Mahdeya Mosque in Tunisia.

The second beautiful architectural aspects of this mosque is its wide white marble floor that reflects the mosque itself from inside. A lot of flakes of birds are usually seen flying around the mosque and standing on its amazing floor as they drink water from its fountain.

The third and most and unparalleled feature of Al Hakim Mosque is it's uniquely designed two minarets which are located at the North and South corners of its western entrance. They are the oldest surviving minarets in Egypt. Furthermore, there is not any minaret in Egypt that would look like those of Al Hakim Mosque because of their rare design that was imported to Egypt form North Africa, the origin of the Fatimids.





Non Muslim visitors to Egypt are welcome to visit many of the mosques at most times other than Friday Prayers. There are very few that cannot be entered, but visitors should conform to certain dress codes and observe mosque etiquette. In reality, the same etiquette applies when visiting ancient Christian churches in Egypt. Finally, these are some of the most famous mosques in Egypt. There are not just places for prayers, but places that make you feel safe and secure. If you intend to visit Egypt, please don't miss these wonders.


Resources:


Websites:

http://www.touregypt.net/egypt-info/featurestories-mosques.htm
http://interoz.com/egypt/hassanmosque.htm
http://interoz.com/egypt/alabastermosque.htm
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/mosqueoverview.htm

Photos:

http://www.touregypt.net/images/touregypt/hassanmosque8.jpg
http://www.cord.edu/faculty/andersod/080505Mosque.jpg
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3456/3933632822_992f610eb4.jpg

Videos:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ea0PHS3Vlbw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W31zY8pdPrU&feature=player_embedded#at=89
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HAs1I-n-V8&feature=player_embedded#at=21