external image Welcome.gif

I'm Eslam Murtada from Sohag. I'm a student at El Hag Hadad secondary school. I like a lot reading short stories, playing football and table tennis. I want to be pilot. As a member of this project, I'm going to talk about the Valley of the Kings.

Valley of the Kings

external image valley-of-the-kings.jpg

Valley of the Kings is the funeral place where tombs of the Theban pharaohs found. These pharaohs reigned Egypt during the 18th to the 20th Dynasties. They are decorated with magnificent paintings illustrating the Afterlife, the great magical religious writings of the time, and the other world destiny of the king. It was called The Great, Noble Necropolis of Millions of Years of Pharaohs, and for five hundred years, it was the burial place of Egypt's New Kingdom rulers.

Location of the Temple


The Valley of the Kings, less often called the Valley of the Gates of the Kings, is a valley in Egypt where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom (the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Dynasties of Ancient Egypt). The valley stands on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Thebes (modern Luxor), within the heart of the Theban Necropolis.

map_valley_kings[1].gif

Likely that the location of the Valley of Kings was chosen for several reasons, perhaps the first of them due to its geological caller Valley that was filling the days of the flood, and the mountain, which overlooks a pyramidal shape or form of the century, and the height of up to three hundred meters or 984 feet, and perhaps considered a symbol of the sun god Re. This valley was chosen specifically for some reasons:1

  1. Easy access from the valley of the Nile as it facilitates Grassth surrounded by hills in addition to high quality limestone that makes up mountains. As well as the presence of the mountain, which rises to the south of the century and in the form of a pyramid, which represents a natural form in which it is linked at the Egyptian sun god "the god Ra. "
  2. The largest tomb in the Valley of the Kings is a size 5 The largest cemetery of the royal tombs is No. 8 which is the tomb of King Merneptah, and smaller tombs in the Valley in the tomb of King Tutankhamun, No. 62.


Description of the Temple

The Valley of the Kings actually has two components - the East Valley and the West Valley. It is the East Valley which most tourists visit and in which most of the tombs of the New Kingdom Pharaohs can be found. (The West Valley has only one remote tomb open to the public, that of Ay who was Tutankhamun's successor). One of the dilemmas for the normal tourist is trying to decide which tombs to enter. The normal ticket permits three tombs and that will probably suffice for one visit. If you rush, you won't appreciate or remember the details of each tomb. The tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62) requires a separate ticket.


Tomb of Tutankhamun


external image Tutankhamun-tomb.jpg


For the west bank at Luxor, it is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. It is much more than what we refer to as the Valley of the Kings, though many have called the whole of the area by that name. In fact, many good books on the west bank at Luxor (ancient Thebes) are titled, "Valley of the Kings", even though they cover the entire area. It can be a bit confusing for the novice, particularly considering the actual conceptual scope of the religious concept. If one looks at just the Valley of the Kings, one only sees tombs, but the tombs were an integral part of larger mortuary complexes. Indeed, the whole west bank is honeycombed with tombs, not just of the ancient Egyptian Kings, but of their families and the noblemen who served them.


What Makes It Special?

The Valley of the Kings is the focal point of the location with many important archeological sites related to ancient Egypt. The larger area includes the modern city of Luxor (east bank of Nile, the site of the ancient city of Thebes) with ruins of Karnak and Luxor palaces and temple complexes (within the city limits) and temples and tombs on the Theban Necropolis (on the west bank of Nile opposite Luxor where the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens are located). Because of the archeological and historic significant and large number of structures and relics (with many of them in relatively good shape) related to the Egyptian history, art and religion, this larger area is often called the world's greatest open air museum.




Valley of the Kings Temple is one of the most important temples in Egypt because it is located in a fertile area and it is easy to reach. You can go there by several means of transportation. You will spend your days in the best hotels and we are working on pleasing you.


external image 106205849_db31d834f0.jpg

Resources:

Websites:
http://egyptopia.com/The+Valley+of+the+Kings_30_100_6_11873_913_en.html
http://homepage.powerup.com.au/~ancient/kv.htm
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/westbank.htm
http://homepage.powerup.com.au/~ancient/kv_list.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_of_the_Kings
http://www.naviquan.com/idea/valley-of-kings

Photos:
http://apwhod2010.pbworks.com/f/1274893306/valley-of-the-kings.jpg
http://www.hillmanwonders.com/z_location_map/map_valley_kings.gif
http://www.travelvivi.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/Tutankhamun-tomb.jpg
http://farm1.static.flickr.com/39/106205849_db31d834f0.jpg

Videos:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHsDSc-QlOs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1USYLkIGgs&feature=related