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I am Nermin Hassan. I am 15 years old. I am a student at EL-Hag Hadad scondary school. Egypt is my country. I live in Sohag. I enjoy visiting historical sites and sightseeing in Egypt.For this project, I am going to talk about Aswan.

Welcome To Aswan

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Aswan is where Egypt travelers go for relaxation, besides shopping and sightseeing. About 680 km (425 miles) south of Cairo, just below the Dam and Lake Nasser, Aswan is the smallest of the three major tourist cities based on the Nile. You feel you have reached Africa (as most westerners imagine the continent), mainly because it has a large population of Nubian people, mostly resettled from their homeland in the area flooded by Lake Nasser. 

Location of Aswan

Aswan is Egypt's most Southern city and has always been this country's main gate to the rest of Africa. It is situated 129 km south of Luxor and 899 km from Cairo. Aswan's location is at the first Cataract of the Nile, which provided a natural boundary between Egypt and Nubians.
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Description of Aswan

As you can see in the photo below the color of the desert and of the Nile river are in this city of a beauty difficult to describe. It is even more beautiful at sun set. If you complete this Photographic Tour, you will not only see this, but also learn (almost) everything you need to know about this city. The city is small enough to be visited on foot. It is not easy to get lost in Aswan, there are only three main streets. The three of them run parallel to the Nile river. The first one runs by this river, the Corniche el-Nil. Parallel to this street there is the market street, Shari as-Souq; and next to it, Sharia Abtal at-Tahrir.
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Climate of Aswan

Aswan is Egypt's hottest inhabited city. Aswan's climate ranges from mild in the winter to very hot in the summer with absolutely no rain all year. Maybe 1 or 2 mm of rain every 5 years. Aswan is one of the driest inhabited places on Earth. In winter the temperatures average from 11 degrees at night to 25 degrees during the day. In summer the temperature averages 25 degrees at night to 40 degrees during the day.

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Elephantine Island

At Aswan, in the Nile River there are several islands but Elephantine Island and Kitchener Island are the largest. Elephantine is much larger than Kitchener's Island and it is located between Kitchener's Island and the city of Aswan (closest to the east bank). Most Of the trade during ancient times near Aswan took place upon Elephantine Island. It was also here that the governor had his residence. It also served as the center for the cult religion of the ram-headed god Khnum. Elephantine Island was originally called Yebu, which is the ancient Egyptian word for elephant. It is believed that the island received its name because it was a major ivory trading center, though in fact, it was a major trading post of many commodities. There are large boulders in the river near the island which resembled bathing elephants, particularly from a far, and this too has been suggested as a reason for the island's name. All you have to do is to look and see what the rock formations look like, and you can easily see why it was called Elephantine Island.

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Sightseeing in Aswan

Abu Simbel Temple

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Abu Simbel temple refers to two massive rock temples in Abu Simbel in Nubia, southern Egypt on the western bank of Lake Nasser about 230 km southwest of Aswan. The site was known as Meha in ancient times and was first documented in the 18th Dynasty, when Ay and Horemheb had rock-cut chapels hewn in the hills to the south. Ramesses II, called "the Great," built seven rock-cut temples in Nubia. The rock-cut temple of Ramesses II on the west bank of the Nile at Abu Simbel is the greatest of these. This temple was not seen by Europeans until J.J. Burckhardt discovered them in 1813. Between the legs and on each of their sides stand smaller statues of members of the royal family. The smaller statues of relatives were probably, for the first southern colossus: Queen Nefretari by the left leg, the king’s mother, the great wife of Seti I, Muttuya by his right leg, and Prince Amenhirkhopshef in front. For the second southern colossus, Princess Bent’anta stood by the left leg, Princess Nebettawyby the left, and one unnamed female figure, probably that of a lesser royal wife named Esenofre.

Shopping in Aswan

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Shopping is one of the delights that Aswan has in store for all those who visit the place. The Aswan Souq, a market located in the city centre, is one of the most popular places where you can shop. This colorful market is one of the great places where you can carry out on your bargaining. The numerous shops selling the bright colored and the aromatic spices is something which you bound to impress you. Catch a sight of the local bazaars where you can get an exquisite range of perfumes and the lovely glass bottles in which they are stored. Do not get amazed as you the numerous things that you can but from Aswan. You can try the souvenirs, exotic range of spices, excellent jewelry, beautiful shawls, local handicrafts, designer carpets, brass and copper handicrafts and limestone decoratives. For the convenience of tourist the shopkeepers take special care during packing so the gifts and the delicate items are not broken. If you love tea, then you must buy some tea leaves from Aswan. Most of the tourists crave to buy the peppermint and the hibiscus tea leaves that have a beautiful aroma.

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Aswan is a very beautiful city because of its simplicity, kind people and facinting natural views. It is not a very large city.ou can visit it and enjoy doing mny things . You can visit its temples and islands. You can go shopping in its wonderful markets and buy souvenirs and gifts for your friends. You can go for a boat trip in its wonderful Nile. I'm sure that you will enjoy and feel happy in this city. Welcome to Aswan anytime.