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I'm Sawsana El-komos from sohag . I'm a student in 1 A class at El-Hag hadad secondary school. I'm interisted in reading stories, watching TV programs and playing computer games. My favourit subject is English. I like internet because I think it's a useful tool in this century. I love Egypt and I hope that after the revolution of 25th Jan becomes the best in the world. So, a group of students at El-Hag hadad school has decides to make an invitation to all tourists from all over world to visit Egypt ((THE MOTHER OF WORLD)).


Introduction:

There is no doubt that tourism is an important source of national income . It provides us with hard currency. It saves jobs opperanites. After what happened in the twenty-fifth of January, the tourists have lost their confidence. We invite them to come back to Egypt. We say to all tourists in the world to come to Egypt to see by their eyes that Egypt is still safe and that what happened did not affect the peace in Egypt and the crisis ended well. So, please don't hesitate and come back to Egypt that is country of peace and security.



Tourists who have returned to Egypt, Tell all the world's tourists to come back to Egypt







For me, I'm going to talk about Alexandria city.
Alexandria CityThe Pearl Of The Mediterranean
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No one can deny that Alexandria city is considered one of the beautiful countries in the world. It's the second capital of Egypt and the center of civilization in Egypt. Every year, many tourists come from all over the world in order to see the sightsseeing like the library of Alexandria, Roman Theater, the Lighthouse of Alexandria and other beautiful places.



Location:

Alexandria is located at the north of Egypt. Its geographic location enabled it to be one the most important ports in Egypt with more than 50% share of Egypt's sea trade.

Aexandria in Egypt's Map
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In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the most famous cities in the world. It was founded around a small pharaonic town c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641 when a new capital was founded at Fustat (Fustat was later absorbed into Cairo).

Alexandria was known because of its lighthouse (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its library (the largest library in the ancient world); and the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbour of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.



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This is the Light Houseof Alexandria

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The Lighthouse of Alexandria, also known as the Pharaohs of Alexandria, was a tower built between 280 and 247 BC on the island of Pharaohs at Alexandria, Egypt. Its purpose was to guide sailors into the harbour at night time. With a height variously estimated at somewhere in-between 393 and 450 ft (120 and 140 m), it was for many centuries among the tallest man made structures on Earth. It was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.


The Library of Alexandria
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The Royal Library of Alexandria was once the largest in the world. It is usually assumed to have been founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BC during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt after his father had set up the temple of the Muses, the Musaeum (whence we get "Museum"). The initial organization is attributed to Demetrius Phalereus, and is estimated to have stored at its peak 400,000 to 700,000 parchment scrolls. The library's destruction remains a mystery. A new library was inaugurated in 2003, near the site of the old library. One story holds that the Library was seeded with Aristotle's own private collection, through one of his students, Demetrius Phalereus. Another concerns how its collection grew so large. By decree of
Ptolemy III of Egypt, all visitors to the city were required to surrender all books and scrolls in their possession; these writings were then swiftly copied by official scribes. The originals were put into the Library, and the copies were delivered to the previous owners. While encroaching on the rights of the traveler or merchant, it also helped to create a reservoir of books in the relatively new city. In 2004 a Polish-Egyptian team claimed to have discovered part of the library while excavating in the
Bruchion region. The archaeologists claimed to have found thirteen "lecture halls", each with a central
podium. Zahi Hawass, president of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities said that all together, the
rooms uncovered so far could have seated 5000 students.


Alexandria University
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Alexandria University is a university in Alexandria, Egypt. It was established in 1938 as a satellite of Fuad University (the name of which was later changed to Cairo University), becoming an independent entity in 1942. It was known as Farouk University until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 when its name was changed to the University of Alexandria. Taha Hussein was the founding rector of Alexandria University. It is now the second largest university in Egypt and has many affiliations to various universities for ongoing research.


The Roman Theater
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Over 30 years of excavation have uncovered many Roman remains including this well-preserved

theatre with galleries, sections of mosaic-flooring, and marble seats for up to 800 spectators.

In Ptolemaic times, this area was the Park of Pan and a pleasure garden. The theater at one point

may had been roofed over to serve as an Odeon for musical performances. Inscriptions suggest

that it was sometimes also used for wrestling contests. The theatre stood with thirteen semi-circular tiers of white marble that was imported from Europe. Its columns are of green marble imported from Asia Minor, and red granite imported from Aswan. The wings on either side of the stage are decorated with geometric mosaic paving. The dusty walls of the trenches, from digging in the northeast side of the Odeon, are layered with extraordinary amounts of potsherds. Going down out of the Kom, you can see the substantial arches and walls in stone, the brick of the Roman baths, and the remains of Roman houses.



Qaitbay Citadel

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The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria is considered one of the most important defensive strongholds, not only in Egypt, but also along the Mediterranean Sea coast. It formulated an important part of the fortification system of Alexandria in the 15th century A.D.The Citadel is situated at the entrance of the eastern harbour on the eastern point of the Pharos Island. It was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The lighthouse continued to function until the time of the Arab conquest, then several disasters occurred and the shape of the lighthouse was changed to some extent, but it still continued to function. Restoration began in the period of Ahmed Ibn Tulun (about 880 A.D). During the 11th century an earthquake occurred, causing damage to the octagonal part. The bottom survived, but it could only serve as a watchtower, and a small Mosque was built on the top. In the 14th century there was a very destructive earthquake and the whole building was completely destroyed.


Tips for you when you visit Alexandria!
  1. The best time to be in Alexandria is the summer because the weather is fine and you can enjoy the beach or walking/jogging on the corniche.

  2. When you walk during the day don't forget to wear a cap or a hat as a precaution of the sun although it is not hot as other places in Egypt, but be careful just as well.

  3. If you visit Alexandria in winter, don't forget to take an umbrella with you because it might rain. In fact there is a schedule for winter storms you should know it to enjoy your stay. Your travel agent should advise you the times it is supposed to rain to avoid being there when the weather is not good.

  4. If you would like to take a cab to any where in Alexandria better ask at the hotel for the taxi fare because taxi drivers tend to charge foreign passengers more than the fare suggested by the law. You can also enquire from people in the street for the fare if you intend to go to a specific place.
  5. When you buy souvenirs go alone to the shops don't take a local guide he will not help you get a low price as you might expect and visit more than one shop to take a look at the merchandise and to know the local prices and be sure to ask for products made in Egypt because there have been some items imported from the far east countries sold alongside Egyptian hand made souvenirs. If you go alone ask the salesman for the Egyptian products and he will give you a good price.
  6. Prices of food are low in Egypt and every thing is available so don't take canned food or drinks from your country when you come to Egypt. If you go to any supermarket or local food store you will find what you desire of soft drinks, canned food and even junk food. a tip for you, food items prices are much lower in shops than in hotel.
  7. If you are lost don't be embarrassed to ask for directions. Better ask at shops because they tend to know the area they work in. Write the name of the hotel on a piece of paper and take it with you in case you don't pronounce it clearly. Better ask more than one person to be sure.

  8. Learn a few words in Arabic to use when you talk to Egyptians they are friendly people who like to know their language is respected by guests to their country. one the most famous words you should know is "Shoukran" which means "Thank you" .



Conclusion:

Finally from my own point of view, I can say that Alexandria is the second largest city in
Egypt. Alexandria is known as "The Pearl of the Mediterranean", and most of the tourists come from all over world to see it. As I mentioned there are many attractions in Alexandria such as the Library of Alexandria, the Roman Theater, the University of Alexandria, Qaitbay Citadel and the Lighthouse of Alexandria which is one of the seven wonders of the world and others. God save Egypt, its people and land. We hope to be always safe and well.


Resources:


Websites:

http://www.touregypt.net/alromthe.htm
http://www.ask-aladdin.com/Alex-Travel-Information/library_of_Alexandria.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse_of_Alexandria
http://www.crystalinks.com/libraryofalexandria.html
http://www.egyptgiftshop.com/egyptguide/alexandria.html#Alexandria

Pictures:

http://www.utexas.edu/courses/introtogreece/lect34/lPharosLighthouseAlexandria.jpg
http://www.the-hunt.org/lea/ahs/auinfo.jpg
http://img.search.com/thumb/2/2e/AlexandriaMap1.jpg/250px-AlexandriaMap1.jpg
http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2713/4043456026_215b39f3f5.jpg
http://www.theodora.com/wfb/photos/egypt/roman_theater_alexandria_egypt_photo_wiki.jpg

Videos:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DiMmdrhgWQc&feature=related